Extinction of Medicinal Plants
Not only in USA but all over the world there is a craze of using alternative medicines is going on. Over harvesting of plants and crops has been an important discussion for a long time. Many rules and method has been invented to control this. Like that there are some method that has been followed from ancient time. But because of the commercial production these medicinal herbs quality is fading away. Pollution, habitat loss and natural disasters are the main cause of extinction of medicinal plants.
A list of wild medicinal plants that currently most sensitive to the impact of human activities are AMERICAN GINSENG, BLACK COHOSH, BLOODROOTS, BLUE COHOSH, ECHINACEA, EYEBRIGHT,FALSE UNICORN ROOT,GOLDEN SEAL, LADY’S SLIPPER ORCHID, LOMATIUM, PEYOTE, SANDALWOOD, SLIPPERY ELM, SUNDEW,TRILLIUM, BETH ROOT, TRUE UNICORN, VENUS’ FLY TRAP, VIRGINIA SNAKEROOT, WILD YAM according to United Plant Savers, an organization working to conserve medicinal plants for twenty five years.
As a valuable source of many medicines 1300 medicinal plants have been used in Europe; in United States many prescription drugs are based on natural sources; moreover, researches show that up to 80 % of people in developing countries are totally dependent on herbal drugs for healthcare -- According to a research published by Chen, S. L., Yu, H., Luo, H. M., Wu, Q., Li, C. F., & Steinmetz, A. (2016). Conservation and sustainable use of medicinal plants: problems, progress, and prospects. Chinese medicine, 11, 37. doi:10.1186/s13020-016-0108-7.
To overcome this problem conservation, cultivation practices and resource management for medicinal plants are needed through out the world.We must be very cautious about that as recent fire in Amazone rainforest has brought this matter into another level of concern.
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